|Home||Who Am I?||Pictures||Miracles||Mantras||Bhajans||
Ugadi Discourse 2006
Atma Is The Nameless, Formless Divinity
Draupadi’s father Drupada organised a Swayamvara (choosing of bridegroom by the bride) to perform her marriage. Thousands of youth, princes and kings came to his court to win the hand of Draupadi in this Swayamvara. Just as King Janaka had declared that he would give his daughter Sita in marriage to the prince who could string the bow of Lord Siva, King Drupada arranged a Matsyayantra (a device with replica of fish). The condition of the contest was that whosoever was able to hit the eye of the fish revolving high above on a pole with an arrow by looking at its reflection in water below would be successful in winning the hand of his daughter.
At that time, the Pandavas were staying in the house of a potter. When they went to their house along with the bride, their mother Kunti was inside the house. Even before entering their house, they announced to their mother that they had earned a very valuable fruit. Their mother replied from inside the house that they should share the fruit equally between themselves. The Pandavas always obeyed the command of their mother and honoured every word that she uttered. They went inside and offered their salutations to their mother and vowed to follow her command religiously. In this way, Draupadi became the wife of all the five Pandavas. The Pandavas dutifully accepted the command of their mother. But, how could the world accept this? It is the duty of the children to obey the command of their parents, irrespective of the fact whether the world accepts it or not. People, however, accepted this in view of the intimate relationship that existed between the five brothers.
How can one consider somebody as one’s wife? Not merely because one is married to her. One can call her as wife only when one considers her as half part of his body. Many people questioned Krishna how Draupadi could be called a Pativrata (chaste wife) when she was the wife of five husbands. Then Krishna described her qualities which earned her this noble ideal. She dutifully obeyed the command of her husbands. She would never say to any one of them that she had no time to serve him. She was satisfied with whatever she got in life. She was the supreme example of chastity and none could match her in this respect. She never asked for anything beyond the means of her husbands. A true chaste woman is one who conducts herself according to the condition of her husband. The husband should also recognise the qualities of his wife and have equal concern for her. Only then can both of them lead a virtuous and noble life.
Looking at her virtuous conduct and her power to control the five senses, Dharmaraja told Draupadi, “You do not merely belong to us; you are the embodiment of primal energy.” Her father Drupada had also held this view and considered her as the embodiment of divine energy. Only those who achieve control over the five senses and the five elements can rule the world. Only such people can know the reality of the world and conduct themselves in a righteous manner. One who has complete control over one’s senses can achieve the greatest heights in life.
Draupadi was endowed with great power of discrimination and she could discriminate between who was good and who was bad. Both good and bad are present in this world just like darkness and light. She encouraged all those who were virtuous and imparted sacred teachings to evil-minded people to transform them. Not only she had control over the five senses and five elements, she had thorough knowledge of Pancha Koshas (five sheaths of the soul) and Pancha Pranas (five life-breaths) also. She could differentiate between Atma and Anatma (Self and non-Self). Thus, she set an ideal to the world and earned a good name.
Draupadi taught that one should do one’s duty with dedication. She exhorted all to exercise control over their desires and discriminate between good and bad, imbibing all that was good and giving up all that was bad. One should never forget to perform good actions and discharge one’s duties, she advised. Everyone should discharge his duty with dedication and should not interfere in the duties of others, she counselled the people. “You may have wife and children. It is your duty to fulfil your responsibility towards them, but at the same time all your desires should be directed towards the path of goodness and righteousness”, she said. Thus, she became an ideal to the world and showed the path of truth to one and all. One can attain Dharma only by following the path of Sathya. Sathyannasti Paro Dharma (There is no Dharma greater than adherence to truth). There can be no Dharma without truth. It is the path of truth that leads one to God.
Follow the Path of
Sathya and Dharma
Anger is the greatest enemy of man. One with anger cannot follow the path of Dharma. This is contrary to human nature. One should not unnecessarily show anger towards others.
One with anger will not be
successful in any of his endeavours.
He will commit sins and will be ridiculed by one and all.
His own people will abandon him.
He will lose all wealth and respect.
His anger will ruin him completely.
Hatred is another great enemy of man. Whom should you hate? Should you hate those who oppose you or those who have harmed or those who dislike you? No; none of these. You should hate only the evil qualities. You should extend your love and support to those who follow Sathya and Dharma. If you hate Sathya and Dharma, you are not a human being at all. Truth is the basis of all virtues. By following the path of truth, Draupadi could experience peace and love. She taught that one should restrain from violence. One should not indulge in violence through one’s actions, words and even thoughts. By following the path of truth, Draupadi set the greatest ideal to the world.
As you Sow, So you Reap
People think that it is God who is the cause of their happiness and sorrow. But it is not really so. Each one is responsible for his actions and reaps their consequences, good or bad. God is the eternal witness and does not interfere in this. He neither gives happiness nor sorrow. If you talk endearingly to someone, he will also speak to you in the same loving manner. But if you talk in an arrogant way, you will get a similar response. As is the action, so is the reaction. The reaction, reflection and resound are based on your own thoughts, words and actions; God is not responsible for them. If you stand before a mirror, you will see your own reflection. In whatever way you speak to others, you will have the resound in the same way. Whatever thoughts you have in your mind, they will be reflected back to you. It is therefore essential for man to know whether his thoughts and actions are good or bad. Whatever good or bad you experience is the result of your thoughts, words and actions. When any bad thought comes into your mind, give it up immediately. If you conduct yourself in this manner, you will become a true devotee of God and achieve liberation.
Everyone has to face the
consequences of his actions, whoever he may be.
No one can know what lies ahead for him in future.
But this much is sure that everybody has to reap the consequences of his actions. Even the mighty Rama suffered the pain of separation from His wife and cried like an ordinary person.
This is the message I would like to give you on this day. Do not think that the New Year will give you some new fruits. The fruits that you earn will be based on your qualities and actions. All that you think will be reflected back to you. Everything is the result of your thoughts.
World is Reaction,
Reflection and Resound
Be Good, Do Good, See Good
Jantunam Nara Janma Durlabham (out of all living beings, human birth is the rarest). It is not easy to attain human form. Man is not a mere mortal. He is verily divine. Daivam Manusha Rupena (God is in the form of a human being). If you do or think something bad, you are not divine. First of all, you should become a good person. Be good, do good, see good. This is the way to God.
Develop the Qualities Exemplified by Rama and Sita
|Do not doubt that God is here and not there. Wherever you search for Him, He is there.|
Where is God? Sarvatah Panipadam Tat Sarvathokshi Siromukham, Sarvatah Sruthimalloke Sarvamavruthya Tishthati (with hands, feet, eyes, head, mouth and ears pervading everything, He permeates the entire universe). Ordinary people are not able to recognise this truth. God is present in all beings, be it a small insect like an ant or a big animal like an elephant or a lion. He is present in a particle of sand and also in a particle of sugar.
Discharge your duty earnestly with devotion to God. Put your knowledge into practice and earn a good name. I never prevent anyone from pursuing his studies. But along with acquiring secular knowledge, you should acquire spiritual knowledge also. Proper enquiry of the mind and purity of heart are very essential.
This morning our students sang the song conveying the message that one should have a son like Rama and a daughter like Sita. You may aspire to have a son like Rama and a daughter like Sita. But, how is it possible when you have the demonic qualities of Ravana and Surpanakha? If you want a son like Rama, you should follow Dharma like Him. If you aspire to have a daughter like Sita, you should have the virtues as exemplified by Sita. Whatever form you aspire for, you should cultivate the same type of qualities corresponding to that. Only then can you attain harmony, tolerance and peace. Where is peace? Peace lies in the control of the senses. If you are not able to control your senses you cannot attain peace; you will get only pieces. If you want to be peaceful, you have to imbibe the qualities of quietude and composure. Let anybody criticise, abuse or hit you; you should maintain your composure. When someone criticises you, do not take it to heart. Think that his tongue has produced some sound. You have nothing to do with it. If you receive the abuses hurled at you, you will be affected by them. Otherwise, you will not be disturbed. Even if somebody beats you, think that he has beaten your body and not you. In fact, none can ever harm or hurt you, because you are not the body. If you have such a firm conviction, then you will not have anger or hatred towards even those who abuse or assault you. Therefore, firm conviction is most essential for peace.
Offer your Heart to God
|Oh Lord! I have been praying to You incessantly, why are You depriving me of Your love and compassion? What is that I have not offered to You? I have surrendered my wealth, my family and even my soul to You. Now, please come to my rescue. I seek refuge only in You.|
Mere words are not enough when you pray; you should offer your heart to God in prayer.
Man has a name and a form, but the Atma transcends both. It has neither a name nor a form. People like some particular names and forms. One cannot have faith in many names and forms, but one can surely have faith in the formless principle of the Atma which is present in all. Na Atma Sakshi (my Atma is the witness) is a common saying, which shows that people have faith in the Atma. That is why Atma is the common name for all. Some may pray to Rama, others may pray to Krishna. Names and forms are many, but Divinity is one. Atma is the nameless, formless divinity. When you worship such a formless and nameless divine principle, you will certainly attain Divinity.
(Bhagavan concluded His Discourse with the Bhajan, “Prema Mudita Manase Kaho …” )
- From Bhagavan’s Ugadi Discourse in Sai Kulwant Hall, Prasanthi Nilayam on 30th March 2006.